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Fabric Parameters Controlled in Textile Finishing

Fabric Parameters Controlled in Textile Finishing

Textile finishing, in a restricted sense, is the term used for a series of processes to which all bleached, dyed, printed & certain grey fabrics are subjected before they are put to market. After weaving, knitting, pretreatment, dyeing, or other forming processes, Fabrics are subjected to a number of procedures known as textile finishing. These procedures improve the fabric’s durability, performance, appearance, and feel. In this article, we explain Fabric Parameters Controlled in Textile Finishing. The following important fabric characteristics are managed during textile finishing.

Fabric finishing can improve the fabric’s appearance by imparting luster, drape, color, and various visual effects. Finishing can make fabrics softer, smoother, crisper, or add other desirable tactile properties. In textile finishing, various fabric parameters are controlled to enhance the properties, appearance, and performance of the textile material. Key fabric parameters include:

Fabric Parameters Controlled in Textile Finishing

The objective of the Fabric Finishing Process After Dyeing

  • Improving the appearance, luster, whiteness etc.
  • Improving the feel, this depends on the handle of the material & its softness, suppleness, fullness, etc.
  • Wearing qualities, non-soiling, anticrease, antishrink, and comfort.
  • Improving the fastness properties.
  • Improving or controlling fabric GSM, width, and spirality.
  • Shade matching etc

Effects of Textile Finishing on Fabric

  • Easy care.
  • Crease recovery.
  • Dimensional stability
  • Good abrasion resistance
  • Improved tear strength
  • Good sew ability
  • Soft or stiff handle
  • Shine or luster
  • Dyed Fabric

Fabric parameters controlled in finishing

  1. GSM– It is possible to increase or decrease a little bit.
  2. Bowing
  3. Spirallity
  4. Shade matching
  5. Shrinkage– Another big challenge to controlling shrinkage, less shrinkage creates fewer problems in the garment manufacturing process.
  6. Fabric width or dia

Various finishing techniques, including washing, bleaching, dying, printing, mechanical finishing (calendering, sanforizing), and chemical treatments (softeners, resins), are used to manage these properties as Fabric Parameters Controlled in Textile Finishing. To attain the ideal balance of qualities for the particular use of the cloth, each step of the process is meticulously supervised. By controlling these parameters, textile finishers can achieve the desired properties for a wide range of fabrics and applications.

Fabric Parameters Controlled in Textile Finishing

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