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Different Parts of Sewing Machine Needle

Different Parts of Sewing Machine Needle

Sewing Machine Needle

A sewing machine needle is a long slender tool with a pointed tip that is used for joining different parts of a garment. A needle for hand sewing has a hole, called the eye, and at the non-pointed end carry thread or cord through the fabric after the pointed end pierces it. Hand sewing machine needles have different names depending on their purpose.

Different Parts of Sewing Machine Needle :

All sewing machine needles have the same basic parts. The variation in needles is caused by the shape of the parts and the length of the parts. The followings are parts of a sewing machine needle & introduce their position & activities:

Different Parts of Sewing Machine Needle
Fig: Different Parts of Sewing Machine Needle


  • The starting part of the bottom edge of needle which can be made by a predetermined shape.
  • It helps for easily attaching of the needle to the needle bar or clamp of the sewing machine.


  • It is the bottom part of the needle which is tied in the needle bar.
  • It may be cylindrical or flat on one side.
  • It is wider than the remaining parts of needle & works as a support of needle.


  • It is the part between shank & blade of needle.
  • When the needle penetrates through the fabric to reach its lowest position, then the shoulder also penetrates through the fabric.
  • As a result, it reduces the friction between needle & fabric by producing a wider hole on fabric.


  • It is the part from the needle eye to shoulder.
  • It is the longest part of needle & in this area maximum friction with fabric take place.
  • Blade is gradually tapered to tip.

Long groove:

  • It is a long & thin grove in blade from shoulder to needle eye.
  • During up & down of needle through the fabric during sewing, the sewing thread take place in the groove & thus reduce the friction between fabric, needle & sewing thread.
  • There is a less possibility of damaging the thread due to friction.

Short groove:

  • It is placed in the side of the needle in which side, the hook or looper is placed.
  • It is a small groove between needle eye & tip.
  • It helps the sewing thread to create loop.

Needle eye:

  • The hole which is situated in the front of the needle is called eye.
  • It is a small slot between short 7 long grooves of the needle.
  • It holds the needle thread & help to create loop.
  • The inside edge of the needle eye is most important specially, When needle passes through the fabric there is a possibility of damage thread.
  • Some needle are found with thicker eye than blade, is called buldged eye. It works like the shoulder. But there is possibility of damaging light fabric.


  • It is a curve slot at near above the eye.
  • It helps to close setting between the needle & the looper. As a result, it is easy to catch the needle loop by the looper or hook.


  • It is the part from the needle eye to tip.
  • It helps to penetrate the needle into fabric without any damage.
  • Also, the proper care should be taken to select the needle point appropriate for fabrics.


  • The ending edge of the needle is called the tip.
  • It helps to penetrate the needle into the fabric without any damage.
  • It helps to create the hole in the fabric during sewing.

A needle is the main functioning element in the sewing process.

Different Parts of Sewing Machine Needle

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